Lake Victoria Environment Management Program: Study of Buffering Processes and Wetlands Capacity




Kenya Agriculture Research Institute


Water and Water and Environment and Water and Environment
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The tropical wetlands in the basin of Lake Victoria are extremely important to the functionality of the lake system and to the welfare of local communities; they perform buffering services for the lake in-flows and form a rich resource base for local communities. As part of the World Bank funded Lake Victoria Environment Management Program, the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources commissioned a study to determine the buffering processes and capacities of some of these selected wetlands in the Kenyan portion of Lake Victoria. SMEC’s services included: establishment of a system of dry and wet weather monitoring of pilot wetlands; determination of wetland hydraulics and hydrological cycles; determination of the mechanisms of physical and biogeochemical interception, filtration and retention of key water quality constituents; and modelling and designs of the wetlands to reduce in-stream pollution.