Integrated design and management
As part of the dam design, SMEC has delivered advanced hydraulic modelling to test and optimize flow rates across the 422km distribution network. The team also developed a miniature physical model of the site area to clearly articulate the interfacing components of the dam’s infrastructure. Sedimentation of the dam was a major problem which was overcome using sediment modelling. Based on SMEC’s recommendations, a multi-agency government committee has been established to spearhead catchment protection and prevent buildup of sediment. This includes upgrading sewerage infrastructure in Nairobi City to control pollution to Athi River.
Late in December 2021, engineers successfully managed to divert the Athi river into the dam’s two mega tunnels, marking a significant milestone in the project’s implementation.