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Improving Water Resources for 15 Million Nigerians

Project Highlights

  • Strategic Action Plan identified more than 100 recommended projects to be undertaken over the next 25 years.
  • The Komadugu-Yobe Basin (KYB) supports a population of over 15 million people in Nigeria.

Our Role

SMEC was engaged to prepare an essential Strategic Action Plan (SAP) for integrated management of water resources in the Komadagu Yobe Basin. This plan is critical to planning the environmentally sustainable use of water resources while also meeting the needs of communities who face land degradation, vulnerability to climate change, and water scarcity.

Undertaken over more than two years (from December 2016 to March 2019). SMEC’s Strategic Action Plan identified more than 100 recommended projects to be undertaken over the next 25 years. Specialist teams completed preliminary studies for four priority investment programs to be implemented over the short term, including Challawa Gorge catchment management, Jama'are river regulation, harnessing water for community fisheries in Plateau State, and development of the Gashua irrigated agriculture project. These projects aim to realise environmental sustainability in the basin while improving the social development and economic livelihoods of the surrounding communities.

Project Overview

The historic Lake Chad Basin in West Africa is home to the Komadugu-Yobe Basin (KYB), which covers a total area of 148,000 km2. It is divided between north-eastern Nigeria and south-eastern Niger, with 95% of the basin’s water in Nigeria.

The KYB supports a population of more than 15 millionwho economically depend on its scarce water resources for agricultural, fishing and livestock production. Major urban towns and rural settlements are seeing increasing water demand for domestic consumption. At the same time, water supply is shrinking, and the basin is experiencing serious issues with water resource planning and management. This is because Lake Chad has shrunk by 90% since the 1960s, due to climate change, an increase in population and unplanned irrigation.

Our Impact

The plan delivered new operational guidelines for the existing Tiga and Challawa Gorge dams to mitigate adverse impacts on the important Hadejia-Nguru wetlands downstream. A strategic environmental and social assessment was undertaken to ensure protection of the Hadejia-Nguru and Lake Chad wetlands.

Over 15 million people stand to benefit from the implementation of the Strategic Action Plan, particularly farmers, pastoralists and fishermen. The sustainable approach to integrated water resources management will not only boost livelihoods that are economically dependent on the basin’s river system but also ensure that its ecosystems and aquaculture are protected, and that water resources are allocated and utilised more effectively.

Technical Area:
Hadejia Jama’are Komadugu Yobe Basin Trust Fund

Learn More

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